Hissor fortress used to be the summer residence of Bukhara emirs. It’s construction started in XVII century and was completed in XIX. During the civil war of 1918-1933, the fortress was severely damaged. It had been partially restored in 1982 and renovated in 2002.
The fortress, with its 1m thick walls and gunports, stood on a high hill and was patrolled by guards. The fortress had a pool and a garden, as well as the market square with caravanserai and shops.
Two large brick-lined staircases and porches led to the main entrance. Unfortunately, these have been destroyed. The only remaining part of the fortressis the monumental gates made of burnt bricks with two cylindrical towers and lancet arch. This is a typical design of the gates in Bukhara in XVIII-XIX centuries, and even today these gates look impressive.
In the late 80s of the last century, a unique historical and cultural conservation area was established in Hissor. The conservation area included the Hissor fortress (2500 years), Registan (the square in front of the fortress), Old madrasah (XVI century), New madrasah, caravan-serai (hotel), Mosque Chashmai Mohiyon (VIII century), Mosque Sangin, Mausoleum Makhmudi Azam (XVI century) and the historical museum inside the Old madrasah. The site exhibits unique monuments and artifacts (more than 3200) found during excavations in Hissor and adjacent areas.
Hissor fortress is located 20 kms away from Dushanbe. Many small and large restaurants, notably traditional teahouses, are open for visitors and tourists in vicinity of this unique historical site.